What is Mindfulness?

Jul 1, 2020

Dr Anna Redding, Consultant Clinical Psychologist shares with us the world of Mindfulness. (

Mindfulness has recently exploded and is highly popular across the UK.  There are lunch hour sessions available, hundreds of workshops, retreats, it is even being taught in schools. Everyone is talking about it. In this series, I will try to explain what it is, the benefits of it, dispel the many common myths around it, provide some of the evidence base for it and describe how to do it using different techniques.

So, what is this thing called Mindfulness?

Is it a skill? Is it a way of life? Is it relaxation? Will it make me happier? Can anyone do it? Do I need to practice it? Will it reduce distress? Is it effective? Is it religious? Are all common questions I get asked in relation to mindfulness and I will aim to answer them all over this series.

Where does it come from?

Mindfulness has actually been around for many years.  “Mindfulness,” is an English translation of the Pali word, “sati”, which means awareness, attention and remembering (Siegel, Germer, Olendzki, 2008). Mindfulness comes from Eastern traditions, particularly Buddhism, but it is not a religion or religious in nature (Williams & Penman, 2011) and so can be used by anyone, of any culture or belief system. It has more recently been adopted by Eastern traditions and expanded to include qualities such as acceptance, non-judgment and compassion (Siegal, et al., 2008).

What is it?

“Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery, today is a gift of God, which is why we call it the present.”
Bill Keane (it’s also in Kung Fu Panda!).

The previous blogs talk about noticing small moments, about being in the present. This in its essence is what mindfulness is all about. I’ll give you an example, earlier this year I was leaving work with a colleague and my mind was thinking “I need to stop at the shops on the way home, grab something for dinner, what do I fancy? Man I’m tired, something easy for dinner then, I hope the traffic is ok….maybe I’ll just head home and get take away…” and on it went. My colleague suddenly interrupted my stream of thoughts by exclaiming “wow! Look at that, it’s still light” and as I look over she is standing looking up at the sky, arms open, a big smile on her face. I was jolted back to the present and suddenly realised she was right, it wasn’t dark, spring was coming! Now, I had not noticed this at all because where was my mind? That’s right, in the future, missing this small moment of happiness (and it did make me happy because I hate the winter!).

“Mindfulness means paying attention in a particular way: on purpose, in the present moment, and non-judgmentally” (Kabat-Zinn, 1994). So, it is a way of becoming more aware of where your mind is, noticing when it has wandered away from the present and bringing it back to where you want your mind to be. This could be anything; your cup of tea, the washing up, the report you are writing, the traffic, the conversation you are having or organising your finances, anything you are choosing to do in that given moment.

In the previous series, Nicole likens the mind to a puppy; with mindfulness, we are aiming not to prevent the puppy from wandering, but to first notice where the puppy has wandered and gently bring it back to where you want it to be.  In other words, you are training your puppy (in this case your minds), it is like mental training (Williams & Penman, 2011).  To take this a step further, in training your puppy, you wouldn’t tell it off/shout at it or drag it back to you would you? I hope not! No, you would instruct it gently, that you want it to be paying attention to something else and you would refocus it. Over time, this gets easier. However, on a busy day, in times of stress or excitement, just like a puppy finding something new to explore or play with, your mind will become harder to control again and you may not notice that it has wandered. Additionally, your mind might wander off many times. The aim of mindfulness is to notice each time it has wandered and gently bring it back.

With mindfulness, we are noticing things as they are, not how we want them to be (Williams, Teasdale, Segal & Kabat-Zinn, 2007). We are not attempting to change anything, with mindfulness, we accept things as they are.

Please feel free to join us for our Challenge 30! Physio-logical and Avenue Therapy Physical and Mindfulness Bingo Challenge on Facebook, or if you want to join in and are not on facebook then feel free to email us and we will send you the grid.


Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever You Go, There You Are: Mindfulness Meditation in Everyday Life. Hyperion.
Siegel, R. D., Germer, C. K., & Olendzki, A. (2008). Mindfulness: What is it? Where Does it Come from? In: F. Didonna, (Ed). Clinical Handbook of Mindfulness. New York: Springer. Accessed:
Williams, M. & Penman, D. (2011). Mindfulness. A practical guide to finding peace in a frantic world. Piatkus UK
Williams, M., Teasdale, J., Segal, Z., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (2007). The Mindful Way Through Depression. Freeing Yourself from Chornic Unhappiness. The Guildford Press, New York.

Related Posts

Welcome to the team Josie!
Welcome to the team Josie!

Physiotherapist - Josie Blagbrough We're excited to announce Josie will be joining the Physio-logical team from Monday 11th March 2024.   Josie qualified with First Class Honours in Physiotherapy from Cardiff University in 2021 and also has a degree in Physiology...

read more
What is Dry Needling?
What is Dry Needling?

What is Dry Needling? Dry needling originates from Western Medicine principles and scientific research. Dry needling and Acupuncture are both used for the treatment of musculoskeletal pain and tension. Dry needling involves inserting a fine needle directly into a...

read more
Do you have a sporting event or challenge coming up?
Do you have a sporting event or challenge coming up?

How can Physio-logical help me complete my goal? At Physio-logical we work with a lot of patients who are taking in part in a variety of sporting events, charity events and personal challenges such as running events, walking for charities or a personal goal, cycling a...

read more